Hypertension and Vision Disorders

Serving Poughkeepsie, Yorktown and Nearby Areas of the Hudson Valley

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Man taking blood pressure while holding his glasses

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a condition impacting nearly half of the adults in the United States. There are no symptoms associated with high blood pressure, but left unregulated, hypertension can lead to heart attack and stroke, metabolic syndrome, kidney failure, and more. High blood pressure can also result in vision loss.

Hypertensive Retinopathy

Hypertensive retinopathy is a disease caused by damage to the blood vessels in the eyes. Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Double vision
  • Vision loss
  • Burst blood vessels in the eyes
  • Eye swelling and pain
  • Persistent headaches

If you have been diagnosed with hypertension and you begin to experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek help right away. Hypertensive retinopathy may cause permanent damage and result in a complete loss of vision when steps aren’t taken to counter the disease.

Treatment for hypertensive retinopathy may include laser therapy to help seal leaking vessels. Laser therapy may also help to prevent retinal detachment. Steroid and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor medications may also be used to help reduce swelling and protect the vision.

In addition to these treatments, lifestyle changes to address the underlying condition are important for the long-term maintenance of hypertensive retinopathy. These may include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Losing weight
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Managing stress

Managing hypertension will be important for preventing vision loss associated with high blood pressure.

It’s National Blood Pressure Education Month, providing an excellent opportunity to learn about hypertension, its impacts, its treatment, and its prevention. If you are among the 47% of American adults who have hypertension, taking steps now to reduce your blood pressure can help improve both your quality of life and long-term abilities.

High Blood Pressure and Laser Vision Correction

Being diagnosed with hypertension does not automatically preclude you from having laser vision correction surgery such as LASIK or SMILE, but may pose certain complications if blood pressure is not regulated. If you are interested in laser vision correction, you will need to have your hypertension under control to be a good candidate.

At Seeta Eye Centers, we are dedicated to helping each of our patients achieve optimal visual health and acuity. Please call us at 845-454-1025 to schedule an appointment with one of our board-certified ophthalmologists.