Degenerative eye disorders like glaucoma and macular degeneration severely impact the lives of about 6 million people across the world. Despite this large number, the cause of these conditions is still unknown. Recent scientific advances have shed a little light on potential genetic causes behind the loss of vision they both cause. Three new genes have been linked with glaucoma, bringing new hope for prevention and possible glaucoma treatment.
Glaucoma is the gradual loss of vision as the result of growing pressure within the eye. There are eye drops and several other options to slow the degenerative process, but the ultimate result will be blindness. Macular degeneration causes the center of your eye to worsen over time and also causes eventual complete vision loss. These two conditions are the leading causes of blindness throughout the world.
There are two forms of macular degeneration. Dry Macular Degeneration is responsible for up to 90% of all cases. This form involves a gradual dimming of your vision center. Wet Macular Degeneration is more rare, but vastly more serious. It involves the abnormal formation of blood vessels under your retina. These blood vessels break and bleed easily and lead to leakage. As your body tries to repair these breaks, the scarring may cause sudden and irreversible severe vision loss.
There are 13 areas of the genome already associated with age-related macular degeneration. Although there is definitive proof of genetic involvement, researchers believe that lifestyle, behavior, and demographics also play a role in the development of glaucoma and macular degeneration. There are not currently any ways to detect who will develop either of these vision conditions, but regular eye exams can lead to early diagnosis and prolong your ability to see.
If you or someone you know is suffering from Glaucoma or Macular Degeneration in the Highland area, contact Seeta Eye Centers at 845-454-1025 to schedule an appointment today. We are dedicated to helping residents of Highland, Poughkeepsie, Fishkill, and the surrounding areas of New York with any vision related issues.